Μέσα στην πόλη - φάντασμα του Τσέρνομπιλ

In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, a broken clock hangs on a wall in a school in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, a broken clock hangs on a wall in a school in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) AP

Το σημείο όπου συνέβη η μεγαλύτερη πυρηνική καταστροφή στην ιστορία της ανθρωπότητας έχει μετατραπεί σε έναν τουριστικό προορισμό μόνο για τολμηρούς. Πριν όμως αποφασίσετε αν αξίζει το ρίσκο να τον επισκεφθείτε, ρίξτε μια ματιά στις φωτογραφίες του Efrem Lukatsky και του Sergei Chuzavkov

Ήταν 26 Απριλίου του 1986 όταν οι περίπου 50.000 κάτοικοι της ουκρανικής πόλης Pripyat, εργάτες οι περισσότεροι στο πυρηνικό σταθμό Τσερνομπιλ, αναγκάστηκαν να εγκαταλείψουν τις εστίες τους όταν ένας αντίδραστήρας εξερράγη σε απόσταση μόλις 3 χιλιομέτρων. Η έκρηξη και η φωτιά που προκάλεσε δημιούργησαν ένα ραδιενεργό σύννεφο πάνω από την βόρεια Ευρώπη και η Pripyat, πρότυπο κάποτε εργατικής σοβιετικής πόλης με τις πολυόροφες πολυκατοικίες και τους δρόμους που οδηγούν στην κεντρική πλατεία με το ξενοδοχείο και το πολιτιστικό κέντρο, μετατράπηκε σε μια από τις πιο θλιβερές πόλεις - φαντάσματα στον κόσμο. Κι όμως, σήμερα αποτελεί έναν δημοφιλή τουριστικό προορισμό για τους ταξιδιώτες που αρέσκονται οι εξορμήσεις τους να φέρουν μια οσμή... κινδύνου.

Τουριστικά γραφεία διοργανώνουν ημερήσιες εκδρομές στην Pripyat και την ευρύτερη περιοχή γύρω από τον πυρηνικό σταθμό, όπου τα επίπεδα της ραδιενέργειας έχουν μειωθεί αρκετά επιτρέποντας τις σύντομες επισκέψεις, εξακολουθούν ωστόσο να είναι απαγορευτικά υψηλά για μόνιμη κατοικία σε ακτίνα 30 χιλιομέτρων. Μέσα στην πόλη - φάντασμα τα φυσικά φαινόμενα επιδεινώνουν χρόνο με το χρόνο την κατάσταση των κτιρίων, γι αυτό και η είσοδος σε αυτά δεν συνίσταται, μια προειδοποίηση που οι περισσότεροι επισκέπτες αγνοούν.

Κάπως έτσι, οι τολμηροί έχουν -μεταξύ άλλων- την ευκαιρία να δουν τον πίνακα ανακοινώσεων που φέρει ακόμα το τεύχος της εφημερίδας Sovietsky Patriot που εκδόθηκε τρεις μέρες πριν την πυρηνική καταστροφή του Τσέρνομπιλ.

This photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, shows a gymnasium in a school in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
This photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, shows a gymnasium in a school in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) AP
This photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, shows a central square in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
This photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, shows a central square in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) AP
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, an edition of the newspaper Sovetsky Patriot, dated three days before the nuclear explosion, is attached to a bulletin board in a house of culture in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, an edition of the newspaper Sovetsky Patriot, dated three days before the nuclear explosion, is attached to a bulletin board in a house of culture in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) AP
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, a radioactivity sign stands in the ground, outside Chernobyl, Ukraine. April 26 marks the 31st anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. A reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded on April 26, 1986, leading to an explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, a radioactivity sign stands in the ground, outside Chernobyl, Ukraine. April 26 marks the 31st anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. A reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded on April 26, 1986, leading to an explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) AP
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, journalists take a selfie in front of the monument of Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin in Chernobyl, Ukraine. April 26 marks the 31st anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. A reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded on April 26, 1986, leading to an explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, journalists take a selfie in front of the monument of Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin in Chernobyl, Ukraine. April 26 marks the 31st anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. A reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded on April 26, 1986, leading to an explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) AP
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, a decrepit piano stands in a school in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, a decrepit piano stands in a school in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) AP
This photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, shows a room in a dilapidated building, part of a school in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
This photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, shows a room in a dilapidated building, part of a school in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) AP
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, small trees grow on a balcony in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, small trees grow on a balcony in the deserted town of Pripyat, some 3 kilometers (1.86 miles) from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant Ukraine. Once home to some 50,000 people whose lives were connected to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Pripyat was hastily evacuated one day after a reactor at the plant 3 kilometers (2 miles away) exploded on April 26, 1986. The explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) AP
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, a new shelter is installed over the exploded reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear plant, in Chernobyl, Ukraine. April 26 marks the 31st anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. A reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded on April 26, 1986, leading to an explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
In this photo taken Wednesday, April 5, 2017, a new shelter is installed over the exploded reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear plant, in Chernobyl, Ukraine. April 26 marks the 31st anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. A reactor at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded on April 26, 1986, leading to an explosion and the subsequent fire spewed a radioactive plume over much of northern Europe. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) AP
Φωτογραφίες: AP Images / Efrem Lukatsky, Sergei Chuzavkov
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